Salmon is one of the most popular fish in the world. It is high in protein, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin D. Salmon are native to many Northern Pacific and Northern Atlantic Ocean regions. The majority of the Salmon consumed in the US is farm raised Atlantic Salmon, although there is a substantial increase during the summer months of wild salmon coming from Alaska and the Pacific Northwest region of the US. These wild fish consist mostly of Sockeye, Chinook (King), Coho, Pink, and Chum Salmon.


Salmon can be broken down into two major genera: Salmo (Atlantic salmon) are native to rivers and regions of the North Atlantic Ocean on the west and east sides of the Atlantic Ocean. Most farm raised salmon represent this species. The second genus is the Oncorhynchus species that is native to the Northern Pacific rivers and regions of that ocean. There are several different sub-species listed below that make up the majority of this genus.

  • Atlantic Salmon: (Salmo salar)
  • Chinook (King) Salmon: (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha)
  • Coho Salmon: (Oncorhynchus kisutch)
  • Sockeye Salmon: (Oncorhynchus nerka)
  • Pink Salmon: (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha)
  • Chum Salmon: (Oncorhynchus keta)
calendar habitat

Sign up for updates.